tv The Seventies CNN October 17, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm PDT
♪ probably the most important cultural event in the history of america. >> a generation of freaks. >> guys kind of get off on. high energy. >> the sight and sound is your pleasure, you can get your bottom we've got them, baby. >> unless you have been living in a sealed cave, you probably know america's latest craze is disco dancing. >> this is punk rock. its purpose to promote violence, sex and destruction in that order. >> pure rock 'n' roll. pure! ♪
>> the early years of the '70s are sad in music. because you lose people. and you lose the beatles. >> the small gathering is only the beginning. the event is so momentous that historians may view it as a landmark in the decline of the british empire. the beatles are breaking up. >> it was a death for a lot of people. rock 'n' roll as we understood it in the 1960s was no longer with us. >> the beatles -- ♪ >> and i wonder what i am doing here with no drummers and no nothing like that. you might know i lost my old band or i left it. ♪ imagine there's no heaven it's easy if you try ♪ >> for so long, you kind of waited for the next beatles' album to see where music was going.
and we just hoped the music they would come up with individually would be that good. >> you know, i no longer, oh, the beatles need an album. you and paul go write 20 songs tomorrow or that sort of thing. i just write when i feel like it. ♪ imagine all the people >> yoko, you have been called the dragon lady who brought the beatles apart. >> can we please give her the credit for all the nice music that george made and ringo made and paul made and i made since we broke up. because she did it. >> the fact is, yoko ono did not break up the beatles. time broke up the beatles. money broke up the beatles. business broke up the beatles. a desire to go off and do their own stuff broke up the beatles. >> he's respectably married. when the kids come to his concert they don't scream any more. they listen. >> the significant thing is that both john lennon and paul mccartney made music in their
own particular ways that were focused on the fact that they were deeply in love with a woman. ♪ but i'm not the only one >> mccartney went home, made the record where he plays all the instruments on his own. this cozy domesticity, beautiful, wonderful, warm music. >> it's going to look roughly like this. this is our first showing of it. >> this is just the mock-up, folks. >> the new album. >> called -- >> i sell records. doesn't matter if i have been with the beatles or not. if they don't like the record they won't buy it. >> ringo, who, to this day, people dismiss way too much. has tremendous success in the '70s. and george harrison stockpiling these amazing songs, explodes like a super nova, an album "all things must pass" may be the greatest beatles' solo album of all. ♪ you don't need no passport >> over the years, now, such a lot of songs mounted up i only wanted to do.
i got a quota of one, or two per album. >> were you held down by the other fellows? >> well, very subtly, yes. ♪ >> i would just like to thank you all for coming here. you all know it is a special benefit concert. ♪ >> ravi shankhar said a terrible thing is happening in bangladesh what can we do? that created the first major superstar benefit concert ever done. >> the concert for bangladesh was the grandaddy of all issue-themed concerts. not only did you get george harrison, you got eric clapton. it got dylan out of hiding. it put two beatles back on the stage again. it was unparalleled at the time, it may still be unparalleled.
♪ >> a great deal of music of the '70s was people who succeeded in the '60s, finding new ways to express themselves in the '70s. >> have you any idea why your group particularly has lasted as long as it has? >> because we stay together i suppose. >> for a few years, the rolling stones had taken a lot of casualties. >> even brian felt he wasn't going to be around that long. not everybody makes it. >> they were fighting for like where do we secure our foothold now? ♪ >> 1971, the rolling stones leave their home for tax purposes to go live in france. and record this record. "exile on main street." in a very hot, uncomfortable, muddy sounding studio.
>> that record is the embodiment of a band making masterpieces on a daily basis. and i remember reading the review saying this was look a debached album, i didn't know what debached means, but i got to get some of this debauchery stuff. ♪ >> having come out of the '60s which was its own animal, the '70s had to show a new skin. it had to shed the old one. ♪ ooh yeah >> i was never very confident of my voice as a singer.
i thought rather than just sing, which would probably bore the pants off everybody. i would like to kind of, portray the songs. ♪ and i turn myself to face me, and i never caught a glimpse ♪ >> david bowie has been a game changer. he has taken the promise of rock that the beatles kicked off and taken it all sorts of interesting places for others to follow. ♪ ch-ch-changes ♪ time may change me ♪ but i can't change time ♪ i said that time may change me ♪ ♪ but i can't trace time the challenges of keeping everyone working together can quickly become the only thing you think about.
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>> you look to the horizon that you want to move toward. and that horizon was here in l.a. >> that's where the record companies were. there was lots of sun. >> the way i got to california was just really simple, i got there in a '57 chevy by skipping my finals that year in college. >> virtually nobody was from southern california. they're all drawn to the light. and the light is the troubadour club. >> things happened gradually until we played the troubadour. which holds 250 people. it just happened on the first night. >> every great songwriter, came through, jackson brown, j.d., linda ronstadt, joanie mitchell, james taylor. the big sea change was people writing their own songs and expressing themselves. >> is it difficult to reveal it constantly to so many people. why do you do this? >> i feel an obligation to people and to myself to share
myself maybe as honestly as i can. ♪ i left my folk and friends with the aim to clear my mind out ♪ ♪ well i hit the rowdy road and many times i met there many stories told all the ways to get there ♪ ♪ ooh ♪ so on and on i go ♪ the seconds tick the time out ♪ ♪ there's so much left to know well i'm on the road to find out ♪ >> everyone was just trying to do whatever came into their head. >> in the early days paul and i we wanted to be the group from england. they were very big those days. >> we had no idea who the people were, the mysterious mr. king was.
we've written all these songs, chains the beatles did, i'm into something good, which was the british invasion. we did discover this remarkable woman, carole king. >> carole king made the transition from being behind the scenes woman to a star in her own right. ♪ i feel the earth move under my feet i feel the sky tumbling down ♪ ♪ i feel my heart start to tremble whenever you're around ♪ >> carole king is the embodiment of what happens. because in the '60s she is trying to write hit songs for other people. then in the '70s with "tapestry" the definition of an album of self-expression. let me go into my house in laurel canyon and tell you about my life. >> after church you always went out for pancakes. if you were lucky enough to ride in one of the girl's cars you know what you are listening to "tapestry." ♪
>> modern very important women some of the most significant writers and contributors to music at the time. >> we are going to do a song written by john david sausser one of my favorite california songwriters and one of my favorite singers. it's called "faithless love." >> she was in many ways my greatest collaborator. i became a professional song writer because of the best voice of my generation was doing my songs. ♪ faithless love ♪ like a river flows ♪ rain drops falling >> for my money, linda is still underrated just for sheer singing power and style and emotion. ♪ and the night falls in like a
cold dark wind faithless love ♪ ♪ like a river >> there have been articles and things that identify me with the l.a. sound, me, jackson brown and the eagles. we need some new blood in this town. we're starting to get stale. ♪ ♪ but you love to love her >> the original fleetwood mac was a four piece full on blues band. >> an english band that became the dual citizenship band. they were as american as they were british. ♪ ever know taken by the wind >> we had an album out, two years out, the buckingham nicks. nick really liked the music. they asked us to join.
♪ >> fleetwood mac, first, stevie and lindsey album for sure changed our lives. we had arrived. >> beside being rich and famous in california. >> this is it, kid. ♪ freedom ♪ freedom ♪ forever ♪ ever >> the records some times bore an audience. they're not going to have another hit. or this one isn't as good as that. >> record companies like frothing at the mouth, the image of the band was becoming a whole thing. so we were getting ready to make rumors.
>> with everyone falling apart. ♪ if loving you isn't the right thing to co- ♪ ♪ how can i ever change things that i feel ♪ >> the band is five people, five independent, quite strong minded quite stubborn individuals. ♪ if i could baby i'd build you my world ♪ >> two lovely couples, john and chris married. their marriage was on the rocks. and stevie and lindsey may have well have been married. that all was falling apart. ♪ you can go your own way ♪ go your own way ♪ you can call me under the lonely day ♪ >> we were testifying. and "rumors" became the church. ♪
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♪ ♪ no pretty face ♪ to stand out in a crowd >> how long you been singing? >> three years. >> see you went to grab it right away. snatch it right out of my hand. >> michael was precocious, he knew he was cute. you would watch him go from that to commanding a stage in front of 15,000 people. amazing. ♪ ooh baby give me one more chance ♪ ♪ one two three ♪ oh darling i've been trying to let you go ♪ >> the only american group to have four consecutive number one records. ♪ oh oh oh >> for the first time young black kids had their beatles.
>> you don't know? the jackson five. >> that's us. and that's no jive. >> the jacksons were the last act from the classic mowtown hitsville system. >> motown was unique. record companies were run by businessmen. we had a music man at the helm. berry gordy. he was a songwriter. >> here he was trying his best to make black music that would cross over to the white world. ended up making the greatest black music ever. >> he created a machine. where you take the artist, polish them up. and make them a great package where they can play the "ed sullivan show" and kill. >> marvin gaye wanted to be frank sinatra. >> he was clean shaven, debonair. all that changed in the '70s. >> marvin wanted to compete at a high level. >> why can't i make a regard like the beatles? i'm selling records like they sell. why can't i have that artistic expression?
♪ punish me with brutality ♪ talk to me ♪ when you can see ♪ what's going on ♪ what's going on ♪ yeah what's going on ♪ tell me what's going on ♪ ooh >> marvin gaye was affected by the vietnam war. his brother was in vietnam. he is hearing all these stories about what is going on over there. he's seeing the protests here and it's changing him. >> he holds up a mirror to america. look at yourselves, america. >> he is talking about the war, poverty. he was an artist in the way barry gordie is not super happy about. ♪ everybody thinks we're wrong they do ♪ >> initially he did not want marvin to do "what's going on." >> motown was supposed to be nonthreatening and you have marvin gaye making a protest
record about the war. that could potentially ruin good money. you don't lightly talk about the government. ♪ yeah, i want to know what's going on right now ♪ >> ultimately when he agrees to 3u9 out "what's going on," barry tells marvin, okay, if you're right, i'll learn something. if i'm right, you will learn something. of course, as barry will say, i learned something. >> every artist at motown was suddenly also wanting to try their chance at freedom. >> when people say, so, they put you in one category. they say, he is a soul artist. that's all they expect for you to sing. that's all they want you to sing. that's not true. soul is being able to express yourself. >> stevie wonder negotiated his creative freedom. and he used every bit of it. ♪ every superstition
♪ writing's on the wall >> stevie wonder making some of the greatest records anyone has ever made in popular music in america, back to back to back. ♪ writing's on the wall >> it's the equivalent of shooting a perfect shot from half court with your eyes closed. oh, he made it. oh, my god he did it. and then suddenly -- ♪ ♪ you believe in things ♪ you don't understand ♪ >> what the beatles did in the '60s i feel stevie wonder was the person to do that for music in the '70s. [ applause ]
>> hi there, welcome aboard. you are right on time for a beautiful trip on "the soul train." if the sight and sound of soul is your pleasure, you can bet your bottom we got them, baby. >> "soul train" finally offered america its first view of afrocentricity. a new idea to say black is beautiful. >> i would run home from church to see "could train." the one reliable place to see the artists you loved. >> no question that soul train broke a lot of artists and introduced a lot of artists to audiences they never performed for. ♪ >> ten years before he did the moon walk, michael jackson debuted the robot in 1973 on "soul train." >> people had done the robot before. but there was a way that it was faster.
it was sharper. and it was street. i can just see his afro bouncing and because there was so much precision to it. ♪ dancing dancing dancing ♪ she's a dancing machine >> oh baby. just real roasted turkey. carved thick. that's the right way to make a good turkey sandwich. the right way to eat it? is however you eat it. panera. food as it should be.
rock, music that infuriated so many people in the '50s and '60s. the music that so many thought too loud, vulgar, somehow dangerous to our morals. rock has not only refused to go away it's become an institution. ♪ >> hart was a big deal. because in the decade dominated by a type of rock 'n' roll that rhymes with rock and begins with a c, but i won't go on further. they were willing to play with the guys and succeed on their terms. >> the stuff from the '60s, that's way too hippy now the we have to up it a notch. ♪ >> the audience had come to expect a better standard of performance.
a better quality of lighting and sound and staging. they have come to expect a show. ♪ we still have time and i still defy a troublemaker on a high ♪ >> in the '70s, the groups started to become more theatrical. they realized just giving them the music isn't enough. we have to give them something to look at. >> more naked people. more misbehavior, more over the top stuff going on. just, just more. ♪ oh ♪ no time >> playing stadiums was too unreal. it would just be a sea of faces into infinity. ♪ with your sweet bag of lies ♪ crazy crazy crazy ♪ oh yeah ♪ crazy >> stadium tours put a lot of people near music. what they also do is force the
musicians to play to the back of the hall. in the '70s that distance between the performer on stage and that audience grew. if you went to any big arena rock shows, it was always about the star up here and the audience down here. and this sort of, iconography of the rock star as this huge figure. ♪ crazy crazy on you >> it was bound to happen but it comes as a shock nevertheless. in a poll taken by a leading pop music magazine in england, the beatles came in second. the most popular rock group in england today is led zeppelin. >> in their 20s, they're rich, powerful, temperamental, and pampered. they're led zeppelin, the group on tour, where they're nearly as big as nothing, zeppelin is very big. to get around, zeppelin uses a
chartered 707. the kind of plane president nixon uses. ♪ the president's plane doesn't have an organ or 15-foot mirrored bar or in private quarters two bedrooms and a fireplace. >> i'm a bit upset it doesn't have a pool table on board. apart from that i think this is the best way to travel. >> americans are now spending $2 billion a year on music. that's $700 million more than the movie industry grosses from ticket sales in one year. about three times the amount of money taken in by all spectator sports. >> i'm telling you rock 'n' roll is no different than ibm, xerox, sara lee, chevrolet, supply and demand, the same business. >> rock 'n' roll had been a gritty novelty business. it was not the center of the world in the '50s and '60s. in the '70s it becomes the main event.
it has repercussions in all sorts of positive and negative ways. >> the total cost of this tour is $3.5 million. now the gross of the tour is in the region of $11 million. so -- yeah, it's a living. >> it was so decadent and over the top and money just -- whoo -- being thrown against the wall. >> feel like a hypocrite, if you are consistently evoking the idea of young people. bouncing the idea of young people. taking young people's money and taking it and putting it in your pocket. really what you are is a middle-aged family man. it is only the hypocrisy that i'm worried about. >> bruce springsteen was trying to reclaim the soul of rock 'n' roll by going back to basics. >> using emblems from the past that were being discarded at that point. ♪ every day you sweat out on the
streets on the wrong way ♪ >> using a sound that was not on the radio. and not what was mainstream rock. ♪ on a highway now ♪ stepping out over the line ♪ whoa >> bruce springsteen created his own counterculture. it just speaks exactly to the american spirit. you couldn't hit it on the head more than bruce springsteen did. ♪ baby we were born to run ♪ yeah yes we were >> "born to run" was a statement in the middle of the '70s. the cover of "time" and "newsweek." >> bruce didn't like it at the time. me on the other hand. i'm like, my friend is on the cover of "newsweek." this is cool. >> when "born to run" comes out in 1975 it is the desire to escape the claustrophobia of the 1970s. it is an anthem to save your soul.
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most utopian scenes i had ever encountered in music. >> mancuso is one of the guys who took the art form of playing the record and how he curated the records. he may play a salsa record. i might play an isaac hayes record. it wasn't so much about a style as it was an aesthetic of music. >> people dance, you can get high. and stay here all night. >> why are people dancing again? >> i wish i knew. but i'm glad it's happening. ♪ >> what we now know as disco really starts with a band called the tramps. the drummer, earl young, invents the idea. so everything is -- ♪ burn baby burn
>> that's the sound of disco. ♪ burn baby burn ♪ burn baby burn >> i loved disco. i always loved dance music anyway. whatever i did as a producer was always danceable. >> george meroudder put together technology and soulful vocalists. donna summer being the biggest embodiment. and they make some of the biggest records of all time. ♪ ooh love to love you baby ♪ ooh love you love you baby "love to love you baby" was four minutes of singing. 14 minutes of -- a lot of not singing. ♪ oh love to love you baby ♪ oh love you love you baby >> i always wondered for the life of me was he just in the booth, more passion more --
>> actually i shooed everybody out of the studio, switched the lights off, made sure the tape is running, and i said, okay, let's do it. and i think she did it in 10 minutes. ♪ oh >> the donna summer records were some of the biggest records of all time. and they kicked off a revolution. ♪ >> unless you have been living in a sealed cage you probably noticed america's latest craze is disco dancing. that's dancin' without the g. >> fluffy, where have you been? ♪ i want to put on my boogie shoes and dance with you ♪ >> what they generate with the records, we are talking about an estimated 4 billion, with a b, $4 billion a year.
>> i remember really being upset about this word disco. it was r & b music to me. i felt like they stripped it and gave it a new name and weren't giving credit where i think the credit was supposed to go. >> to bring that -- to bring that sound in that's great. one, two, three, four. >> the beegees always liked r & b and soul. >> they were pop stars too. they really got the zeitgeist of what was going on. ♪ staying alive ♪ staying alive [ applause ] >> this is the scene outside a new york disco called studio 54. this is the place that's in with the disco crowd. >> i have been to goat ropings
and space shots, been in a lot of strange places and seen a lot of strange things. but nothing stranger than studio 54 at the height of its popularity in the '70s. >> it's where you come when you want to escape. it is really escapism. >> in the front door of that spot was insane. i sometimes would walk by to watch the people not get in. because that was fun too. >> oh, you are not shaved. no way you can get in. it doesn't matter if you are not shaved. just go home. >> you had to be selected. you had to be chosen to get in. >> we can't let in everybody who wants to come in. i wish we could. ♪ oh freak out >> the great sheik, go to studio 54 to get in. and they don't. so they write a song. ♪ i guess you heard about the new batch craze listen to us i'm sure you will be amazed ♪
>> the part where they say "freak out" begans a something else. ♪ freak out >> it went from something off to freak off to being freak out. ♪ just come on down to the 54 ♪ out on the floor ♪ oh freak out ♪ so chic >> probably the best thing that ever came out of studio 54 was that song. >> disco was a revolutionary force. funk marries disco and it leads to hip-hop. ♪ >> it's 1979, i heard "good times" come on. i kept hearing somebody talk over the song. ♪ you don't stop ♪ bring it
♪ ♪ the beat and me and the groove and my friend are going to try to move your feet ♪ >> that's where hip-hop gets its name from. >> we didn't know the name of the song was "rapper's delight. " >> so when people talk about it what's that hip-hop song and it was the first hip-hop song to crack the top 40. it changed everything. >> "rapper's delight" 199 opens this incredible door to the last american art form, which is hip-hop. ♪ while you're watching this, i'm hacking your company. grabbing your data. stealing your customers' secrets. there's an army of us. relentlessly unpicking your patchwork of security. think you'll spot us? ♪
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>> punk rock was so "f"-ing scary to us. because here we are with our big, majestic songs and here comes punk. ♪ >> the ramones get started as a reaction of everything else going on. people see them and go this is the answer. ♪ let's go >> this is how rock and roll is supposed to to be done. >> how should it be done? >> no phony showmanship, no pyrotechnics. pure rock 'n' roll. >> real and raw and there's no crap involved as opposed to the standard schlap we here on the top 40.
>> it reminds us of one part of a wider new york scene. >> patty smith -- >> i'm an artist. rock 'n' roll is my art. >> the dead boys. >> and richard hell. >> richard hell cut his own hair. ripping his clothes and safety pinning them together. >> he was the kink -- king of the punks. it's pretty clear he invented that. >> punk in the united states is a statement of sorts how music ought to be played. in england punk rock is not a musical statement it's a social one. >> if punk has a home territory it's here on king's road in the middle of london, the same street that launched the mini skirt and the swinging '60s. >> what's this like? >> nothing. >> there isn't any future for a kid now. i mean there isn't.
>> there is an anger and frustration that drove punk rock on and got a lot of people behind it. ♪ >> you're said to be a political group. >> yeah. it's true. >> the clash is the best of the lot. doesn't sound like traditional punk but doesn't sound like anybody else either. ♪ >> punk was a wide umbrella and that wider scene included people who were more complex in their musical performance style. people won't buy something that you call it punk. they might buy it if you call it new wave.
>> can we have your thoughts on punk rock? >> it's a new wave. by defining it as punk you're automatically putting a boundary on what's possible. bands like talking heads are excellent. >> talking heads was the ultimate college band. they did spiky music who reflected who they were and reflected the fascinating individual that david burn would emerge to become. >> i wrote a song about urban guerrillas from the point of view from their daily lives instead of the point of view about their politics. ♪ >> this area of new wave music is where stars of the 1980s are going to come from. >> what makes the '70s so special is that there's still a sense of naivete, that music could make a difference in your life. ♪
♪ this ain't no party, this ain't no disco, this ain't no fooling around ♪ >> you pick any genre you like and the best music made in that genre is the 1970s and you'll have a hard time proving me wrong. what was great about a me decade is it allowed the greatest artists of our times to do some of their greatest work. because they were exploring. that's as deep as popular art ever gets. ♪ ♪ this ain't no party, this ain't no disco, this ain't no fooling around ♪ -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com
vietnam is the most divisive, morally abrasive war americans have ever fought anywhere. >> it's time for the great silent majority to stand up and be counted. >> how do you ask a man to be the last man to die for a mistake? >> we will refuse to do it. you may be in jail, but you won't be dead. >> military pressure will continue until a peace settlement is achieved. >> we can achieve peace with honor. >> the americans are leaving. the vietnamese must stay and face uncertainty. >> in vietnam we've reached the end of the tunnel, and there is no light there. ♪